Patterns

There are 24 patterns in Tae kwon do, ranging from 19 move patterns to 72 move patterns.

The initial patterns are very symmetrical and most combinations or movements are repeated with both sides of the body, in opposite directions. These first few patterns are reasonably basic and introduce the novice student to the most common stances, blocking techniques, strikes and kicks.

The Tul (sometimes known as Hyung) gradually increase in complexity providing the student with a comprehensive tool to help develop their martial skills. These obviously include the overall improvement of those individual techniques that are contained within the patterns, but perhaps not so obvious, the patterns also help to improve the students balance, co-ordination, fine motor control of the body’s muscles, concentration, control of the breath & control of the movement of the body.

CHON-JI (19 moves) 9th Kup
Literally means “Heaven & Earth”. In the Orient it is interpreted as the creation of the world or the beginning of human history. Therefore, it is the initial pattern performed by the beginner. This pattern consists of two similar parts; one to represent the Heaven and the other the Earth.
White belt with Yellow stripe
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DAN GUN (21 moves) 8th Kup
Dan Gun is named after the holy Dan-Gun, the legendary founder of Korea in the year 2,333 B.C.
Yellow Belt
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DO SAN (24 move) 7th Kup
Do San is the pseudonym of the patriot Ahn Chang-Ho (1876-1938), who devoted his entire life to furthering the education of the Korean people and promoting its independence movement.
Yellow Belt with Green Stripe
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WON HYO (28 moves) 6th Kup
Won Hyo was the noted monk who successfully endeavoured to bring Buddhism to the peoples of the Silla Dynasty before his death in the year of 686 A.D.
Green Belt
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YUL GOK (38 moves) 5th Kup
This is the pseudonym of the great philosopher and scholar Yi l (1536-1584) who was nicknamed “The Confucius of Korea”. The 38 movements of this pattern refer to his birthplace on the 38° latitude and the diagram represents the Chinese symbol for “scholar”.
Green Belt with Blue Stripe
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JOONG GUN (32 moves) 4th Kup
This pattern is named after the patriot Ahn Joong Gun who assassinated Hiro-Bumi Ito, the first Japanese governor-general of Korea, known as the man who played the leading part in the Korea-Japan merger. There are 32 movements in this pattern to represent Mr. Ahn’s age when he was executed in the Lui-Shung prison in 1910.
Blue Belt
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TOI GYE (37 moves) 3rd Kup
Toi Gye is the pen name of the noted scholar Yi Hwang (16th century), an authority on Neo-Confucianism. The 37 movements of the pattern refer to his birthplace on the 37° latitude & the diagram represents the Chinese symbol for “scholar.
Blue Belt with Red Stripe
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HWA RANG (29 moves) 2nd Kup
This pattern is named after the Hwa Rang youth group, which originated in the Silla Dynasty in the early 7th century. The 29 movements refer to the 29th Infantry Division, commanded by General Choi in 1953 where Taekwondo was developed into maturity.
Red Belt
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CHOONG MOO (30 moves) 1st Kup
This was the name given to the great Admiral, Yi Sun-Sin of the Yi Dynasty. He was reputed to have invented the first armoured battleship (the Kobukson) in 1592.
Red Belt with Black Stripe
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  • Grading Dates 2015

    Coloured Belts
    November

    Black Belts
    March
    September

    New Grading Location
    Tiffin Boys School Kingston
    Queen Elizabeth Rd, Kingston upon Thames, Surrey KT2 6RL